Timi Egba.org - Promoting the heritage and cultural values of Egbaland, ABEOKUTA,which was founded in 1830, with the indigens reffered to as the "EGBAs". The Egbas home base is in ABEOKUTA,in OGUN STATE, western part of Nigeria.

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Timi Egba website was created to promote the cultural values,image, and identity of Egbaland and her citizens. Egbaland in the South Western part of Nigeria, is a nation that governs herself in a style of that even the British government so admire before Nigeria was amalgamated in 1914.
 
This website is to showcase Egbaland of which Abeokuta is the vocal point.
 
The History of ABEOKUTA
By: Olurotimi Ogunbayo, a.k.a. “Timi Egba “
 
 
Abeokutawas founded in 1830 by warriors like:
LAMODI-Who initiated the move to ABEOKUTA was then the BALOGUN of EGBA, he died on the way,
 and never made it to the Promised Land ABEOKUTA.SODEKE-Who was then the SERIKI of EGBA,
 led the fleeing EGBAs to ABEOKUTA in 1830 after the death of LAMODI.
SODEKE’s father was from Iporo but his mother, EFUWON, was from Gbagura.
ABEOKUTA was founded in 1830 by the refugees from Egba forest.
 The name of the town was derived from the protection which the fleeing settlers sought under the ROCK,
known as OLUMO. Olumo which interprets in YORUBA as OLU fi mo, or OLUWA fi mo.OLU or OLUWA
 meaning GOD has put a stop to their suffering after fleeing from the inter-tribal war, between 1817 and
1830. They the EGBAs now settle under the OLUMO ROCK, now call the Town - ABEOKUTA meaning
 under the ROCK.OLUMO ROCK is now a world class tourist centre in ABEOKUTA, Ogun State.
OLUMO offered a significant protection for the EGBAs, from the possible attacks from their enemies.
ABEOKUTA founded 1830 was as a result of the inter-tribal war which broke out due to an incident at
   APOMU Market now in the Irewolede Local Government area of Osun State.
LAMODI, a warrior of note was credited with the initiative for the migration to ABEOKUTA, although he never 
   saw the Promised Land because he died on the way. He was at the time the BALOGUN of the EGBA people.
SODEKE, who was then the SERIKI of the EGBA, took over after LAMODI’s death and led the first wave of
   migration to ABEOKUTA in 1830.Bringing up the rear of the migrants to Abeokuta were the Owu people in
   about the year 1834.Some other settlers also came later.
On settling in Abeokuta, each community continued its main occupation of farming, cultivating mainly food crops
and a few cash crops, notably cotton, palm-trees, and kola-nuts.
Between 1830 and the turn of the century, the settlers in Abeokuta were forced into fighting several wars,
   they creditably proved their mettle. In 1832, the Ijebu Remo people provoked the new settlers into taking arms
   against several Ijebu Remo towns in a war called OWIWI WAR.
In 1834, the Ibadan people also challenged the Egbas to a war which resulted in the defeat of the Ibadan 
   army in what was known as the battle of ARAKANGA.
 
 
                 The rulers of EGBALAND
                  THE CROWNING of EGBA OBAs
 
 
8 August, 1854 -OKUKENU who held the title of Sagbua, the post of headship of the Ogbonis, was crowned
   the ALAKE of AKE. Losii, an Ake man was the first choice but he died before he could be installed.
In 1855 - the Owu followed suit by crowning PAWU as OLOWU of OWU
1870 - The AGURA was crowned
1897 - OLOKO (now OSILE) was crowned
14 April, 1952 - OLUBARA, Oba Samuel Adetola Adesina Lalubu the 2 was the first to be crowned in
   Abeokuta Town.  (History revealed that there had been seven OLUBARAs who were crowned at Ibara Orile)
 
 
 
 
 
                        Egba United Government
 
 
On January 18, 1893, a treaty of Friendship and Commerce was signed between the Egba people, represented by Alake Sokalu, and the British Government represented by Sir Gilbert Thomas Carter. This treaty automatically conferred a measure of self government on the Egba people.
1895 marked the Yoruba Mission Jubilee year in Abeokuta when they celebrated 50years of planting Christianity in the town, Abeokuta.
A special Anthem was composed by the Reverend Israel Oludotun Ransome-Kuti. He was the first registered student of Abeokuta Grammar School. The first grammar school in Abeokuta founded on the 8th July, 1908.Up AGSOBA. He also composed the famous Egba Anthem, Lori Oke Ati Petele.
A tradition that existed in Yoruba land whereby, it was forbidden for two kings to set eyes on any other king, unless one is captured as a prisoner of war. It is worth to note that it was on the 26th Jan.1898 that the Alake, Osile, Agura, and the Olowu first ever set eyes on each other when Sir McCollum (an English man) the Governor of Lagos paid a courtesy visit to Abeokuta.
This incident has further strengthened the unity between the Egba kings and thus led to the formation of Egba United Government in 1902.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
              POLITICAL and ADMINISTRATIVE SET-UP
 
 
The convention which the Egba people operated since 1830 was never codified until 1897 when the EGBA UNITED GOVERNMENT became structured. Under the convention, the quarters were broadly grouped under four natural rulers namely:
The ALAKE of AKE, the OSILE of OKE-ONA, the AGURA of GBAGURA, and the OLOWU of OWU
The ALAKE who was accepted as the paramount leader assumes the title: THE ALAKE OF EGBALAND, who being the chairman of the other Egba kings, represents the interest of all the Egbas in all aspects that concern the Kingdom.
The amalgamation of the Egba people in Abeokuta shared political powers in varying degrees under the following broad classifications:
The OGBONIs - the SENATE
The War Chiefs - the OLOGUNs who prosecuted wars
The PARAKOYIs - the Commercial Chiefs who dominated the Economic sector
The OLODEs - the Hunting Chiefs whose role was minor but nevertheless significant
Next to the natural rulers, the OGBONI chiefs constituted the Executive Council in the administration of the State. Their advice was highly valued by the natural rulers who invariably consulted them in confidence before taking any major decisions. The Ogbonis adjudicated over cases involving murder, adultery, divorce, recovery of debts, etc. They constituted
The Court, their word was law right from the settlement of the Egba in Abeokuta, until much later after the Adubi War.
They meet regularly to deliberate over the affairs of their communities. For a citizen to discountenance a summons from Ogbonis was considered outright treason. They earned their income through fines and gifts or tributes in the form of food or produce.
The amalgamation of the Egba people in Abeokuta shared political powers in varying degrees under the following broad classifications:
The OGBONIs - the SENATE
The War Chiefs - the OLOGUNs who prosecuted wars
The PARAKOYIs - the Commercial Chiefs who dominated the Economic sector
The OLODEs - the Hunting Chiefs whose role was minor but nevertheless significant
The War Chiefs - the OLOGUNs -were responsible for executing wars declared by the natural ruler or considered necessary at their own discretions. They were expected to be militarily prepared all the time, either to wage the Obas war or to ward off attacks from invaders. Sometimes, the War Chiefs wielded much power which could constitute a threat to the security of tenure of Oba himself.
The PARAKOYIs - the Commercial Chiefs superintended over matters of commerce and trade in general. They were responsible for the smooth running of the commercial life of the community and offered economic advice to the state.
The OLODEs - the Hunters’ Chiefs looked after the affairs of farming and hunting in peace time.
During wars, they performed Para-military duties.
Generally, the Egbas had great respect for their Chiefs and each of the four groupings commanded great respect from the entire citizenry. This was why any person with the right means and inclination aspired to obtain a chieftaincy title by any means possible. A woman was usually included as a Chief in each grouping to represent the interest of the womenfolk.
 
 
 
 
    
        Wars fought and won by the Egbas
 
 
Owiwi war- Between the Egbas and the Remos in 1832
Oluyole war- This war was between the Egbas and Oyo in 1834-1835
Iperu war- This was fought in 1836
1st Dahomey war- Between the Egbas and the Dahomey in 1844-1845
2nd Dahomey war- in 1851
3rd Dahomey war- in 1853
4th Dahomey war- in 1864
 
 
 
 
      Olu of Ilaro Yewa (Egbado) Ilaro town, western Ogun state, South Western Nigeria. Located on the former trade route from the towns of the empire of Oyo to the port of Porto-Novo (now the capital of Benin), 40 miles (64 km) southwest, it was established by the late 18th century as the capital and chief trade centre of the Egbado people (a subgroup of the Yoruba). With the decline of Oyo in the early 19th century, the Egbado kingdom was raided for slaves by the Dahomeyans until it was absorbed in the 1840s and '50s by the more powerful Egba kingdom at Abeokuta (29 miles [47 km] northeast). As a subject town, Ilaro served the Egba as a trading post on the western route from Lagos to Ibadan. In the 1860s European missionaries arrived and established the Yoruba Anglican Mission in Ilaro. Following the 1890 delineation of colonial boundaries by the French and the British, the Egbado, who felt oppressed by Egba rule, asked for British protection and control of their territory. A British military garrison was built in Ilaro in the same year. Modern Ilaro is a collecting point for cocoa, palm oil and kernels, kola nuts, vegetables (especially rice and okra), and fruits grown in the surrounding area. Yams, cassava, and corn (maize) are also cultivated by the town's farmers. Cotton weaving and dyeing (with locally grown indigo) are traditional industries. There are deposits of limestone (used by a cement plant at Ewekoro, 13 miles [21 km] east-northeast) and phosphate in the vicinity. Ilaro is the site of a federal polytechnic college. It is located at the end of a spur on the Lagos-Nguru railway and lies at a junction of local roads. Population 42,410 (1992 Estimate).     
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    Egba- Abeokuta town,  capital of Ogun state, South Western Nigeria. It is situated on the east bank of the Ogun River, around a group of rocky outcroppings that rise above the surrounding wooded savanna. It lies on the main railway (1899) from Lagos, 48 miles (78 km) south, and on the older trunk road from Lagos to Ibadan; it also has road connections to Ilaro, Shagamu, Iseyin, and Kétou (Benin).   Abeokuta ("refuge among rocks") was founded in about 1830 by Sodeke (Shodeke), a hunter and leader of the Egba refugees who fled from the disintegrating Oyo Empire. The town was also settled by missionaries (in the 1840s) and by Sierra Leone Creoles, who later became prominent as missionaries and as businessmen. Abeokuta's success as the capital of the Egbas,  and as a link in the Lagos-Ibadan oil-palm trade led to wars with Dahomey, (now Benin). In the battle at Abeokuta in 1851, the Egba, aided by the missionaries and armed by the British, defeated King Gezo's Dahomeyan army (unique in the history of western Africa for its common practice of using women warriors). Another Dahomeyan attack was repulsed in 1864. Troubles in the 1860s with the British in Lagos led the Egba to close the trade routes to the coast and to expel (1867) its missionaries and European traders.                 more | enlarge Osile of Oke-Ona      After the Yoruba civil wars (1877-93), in which Abeokuta opposed Ibadan, the Egba Alake ("king") signed an alliance with the British governor, Sir Gilbert Carter, that recognized the independence of the Egba United Government (1893-1914). In 1914 the kingdom was incorporated into the newly amalgamated British Colony and Protectorate of Nigeria. The Abeokuta riots of 1918 protested both the levying of taxes and the "indirect rule" policy of Lord Frederick Lugard, the British governor-general, which made the Alake, formerly primus inter pares ("first among equals"), the supreme traditional leader to the detriment of the other quarter chiefs.   Modern Abeokuta is an agricultural trade centre (rice, yams, cassava, corn [maize], palm oil and kernels, cotton, fruits, vegetables) and an exporting point for cocoa, palm produce, fruits, and kola nuts. more | enlarge Agura of Gbagura       Abeokuta was a walled town, and relics of the old wall still exist. Notable buildings include the Ake (the residence of the Alake), Centenary Hall (1930), and several churches and mosques. Secondary schools and primary teachers' colleges at Abeokuta are supplemented by the University of Agriculture (formerly the University of Lagos Abeokuta campus), which specializes in science, agriculture, and technology, and the Ogun State Polytechnic (1979; a college). Pop. (1996 est.) 427,400.. Rice and cotton were introduced by the missionaries in the 1850s, and cotton weaving and dyeing (with locally grown indigo) are now traditional crafts of the town.                 more | enlarge Olubara of Ibara      Abeokuta is the headquarters for the Federal Ogun-Oshin River Basin Authority with programs to harness land and water resources for Lagos, Ogun, and Oyo states for rural development. Irrigation, food-processing, and electrification projects are included. Local industry is limited but now includes fruit-canning plants, a plastics factory, a brewery, sawmills, and an aluminum-products factory. South of the town are the Aro granite quarries, which provide building materials for much of southern Nigeria, and a huge, modern cement plant at Ewekoro (18 miles [29 km] south).         
 
 
 
 
 
 
               Traditional Council Members  
  
 1. His Royal Majesty    Oba Adedotun Aremu Gbadebo The Alalake of Egbaland President 
 2. His Royal Majesty    (Dr) Adedapo Adewale Tejuoso The Oshile of Oke-Ona Egba 
 3. His Royal Majesty    Oba Halidu Laloko Sobekun The Agura of Gbagura
 4. His Royal Majesty    Oba Olusanya Adegboyega Dosunmu The Olowu of Owu
 5. His Royal Majesty    Oba Moshood A. Oyede The Olota of Ota
 6. His Royal Majesty    Oba (Dr) J. O. Omolade Olubara of Ibara
 7. His Royal Majesty    Oba N. A. Adekanbi The Olofin of Isheri
 8. His Royal Majesty    Oba (Apostle) M. A. A. Olabode The Omola of Imala
 9. His Royal Majesty    Oba A. O. Oyero The Oniro of Iro
 10. His Royal Majesty Oba Michael A. Fatona The Elewo Ilewo
 11. His Royal majesty   Oba J. O. O. Tella The Onisaga of Isaga 
 12. His Royal Majesty Oba S. A. Oloyede The Onijale of Ijale
 13. His Royal Majesty Oba S. O. Fasina Onikooko of Kooko 
 14. His Royal Majesty Oba S. A. Ojugbele The Onilogbo of Ilogbo
 15. His Royal Majesty Oba S. A. Oladipupo The Olu of Ifo
 16. His Royal Majesty Oba A. K. Akamo The Olu of Itori
 17. His Royal Majesty Oba F. O. Makinde The Olu of Igbein
 18. His Royal Majesty Oba Onitele of Itele - (Vacant)           
 
 
To be candid Abeokuta is the most influential amongst other Yoruba towns